Analyzing and Citing Electronic Information
Tom Kelliher, CS 102
Feb. 9, 1998
From last time:
- Searching the Web lab.
- Evaluating Web sites: initial appraisal and content analysis.
- Analysis examples.
- Citing electronic information.
- Author: Identified? Biographical information? Can contact?
Credentials? Experience? Citations? Page reached from reputable site?
- Publication date: Is the document dated? How up-to-date? Do links
still work? Indications as to how often updates are made? Does the work
make use of current data?
- Organization: Credentials? Bias? Motive? Is the publisher identified
(directly or through a link)? Is it a scholarly site (indicating peer
review)? Is the organization recognized in the field you're researching?
Does the page reside on an officially sanctioned server? What is the
relationship between author/organization?
- Intended audience: General/specialized? Basic/advanced/technical?
- Objective reasoning: Fact, opinion, or propaganda? Can the
information be verified? The methodology is appropriate? Links to other
sites to provide supporting documentation?
- Point of view: What is the relationship between author/organization
and the topic? Would they want to cast a particular light? Does the
organization have a political agenda?
- Coverage: How does the work fit in with other works: update,
substantiate, add new information? Marginal/extensive? Primary/secondary
sources? Is a bibliography included? If the work is new/controversial,
does the author say as much?
- Writing style: Logical organization? Clear presentation? Easy to
- Evaluative reviews: Do any reviews of the work exist? Links from
Which would have been the best sites for finding this kind of information?
- Researching breast cancer at Yahoo. Digging through the subject
- Researching prostate cancer at AltaVista. Search string:
+"prostate cancer" +treatment* +radiation
MLA Style of Citation:
- Individual Works
Author/editor. Title of Print Version of Work. Edition statement
(if given). Publication information (Place of publication: publisher,
date) (if given). Title of Electronic Work. Medium. Information
supplier. Available protocol (if applicable): Site/Path/File. Access
Pritzker, Thomas J. An Early Fragment from Central
Nepal. N.D. Online. Ingress Communications. Available:
http://www.ingress.com/~astanart/pritzker/pritzker.html. June 8,
- Magazine Articles
Author. ``Article Title.'' Magazine Title. Date: paging or indicator
or length. Medium. Available Protocol (if applicable):
Site/Path/File. Access date.
Viviano, Frank. ``The New Mafia Order.'' Mother Jones
Magazine. May-June 1995: 72 pars. Online. Available:
http://www.mojones.com/MOTHER_JONES/MJ95/viviano.html. July 17,
- Discussion List Messages
Author. ``Subject of Message.'' Date. Online posting. Discussion
List. Available E-mail:
LISTSERV@e-mail address/Get. Access date.
RRECOME. ``Top Ten Rules of Film Criticism.'' Apr. 1, 1995. Online
posting. Discussions on All Forms of Cinema. Available E-mail:
LISTSERV@american.edu/Get cinema-l log9504A. Aug. 1, 1995.
Sender (Sender's E-mail address). ``Subject of Message.'' E-mail to
recipient (Recipient's E-mail address). Date of message.
Day, Martha (
MDAY@sage.uvm.edu). ``Review of film -- Bad Lieutenant.''
E-mail to Xia Li (
XLI@moose.uvm.edu). July 30, 1995.
Thomas P. Kelliher
Fri Feb 6 09:30:11 EST 1998